Bolivar Peak is the highest landform Venezuela,reaching an altitude of 4980 meters.
Part of the Sierra Nevada in the eponymous national park in the Cordillera de Mérida.
Along with sister peaks: Humboldt and Bonpland form the major peaks of the Cordillera de Los Andes Venezuelans.
Named in honor of Venezuelan Liberator Simon Bolivar. At its summit is located one of the three glaciers in Venezuela - the most extensive is located in Humboldt at the peak is covered with perpetual snow, yetdue to the process of global warming, glacial melting could eventually finish and leave her naked snow summit.
Despite being the country's highest peak, the Pico Bolivar was not the main focus of the hikers until into the twentieth century. This was because previously, because the view from Mérida, se consideraba que el Pico Toro (localizado en la misma Sierra Nevada) poseía una mayor altitud y que por lo tanto significaba un mayor reto.
El primer intento de ascenso al pico Bolívar del que se tiene conocimiento data de 1897, cuando José Trinidad Nieto, Víctor Moreno, Pedro Moreno, J. Eladio Altuve, Medardo Nieto acompañado de otras personas intentan fallidamente escalar el pico. Después en 1922 un intento de escalar el Pico Bolívar sin éxito, el geólogo suizo Moritz Blumenthal fue el primero en pisar el glaciar de Timoncitos que esta ubicado al sur del Pico Bolívar.
El primer ascenso exitoso hasta el pico Bolívar fue realizado por el farmacéutico merideño Enrique Bourgoin y el tovareño Heriberto Márquez Molina acompañados por el guía Domingo Peña, quienes alcanzaron la cima del pico a través de la garganta del hoy extinto glaciar de Timoncito, el 5 de enero de 1935. Fueron los primeros en pisar las cumbre más alta de Venezuela.
En el año 1907 se realizó el primer estudio para determinar la altura precisa del pico, la misma es conducida por la cuarta expedición de la Comisión Astronómica de la Junta de Levantamiento del Plano Militar quien por medio de cálculos indirectos establece una altura de 5007 metros.
En los años 1950 se determinó una altura de 4755 msnm.
En el año 1992, Heinz Saler del Institute für Anwendungen der Geodaesie im Bauwesen y Carlos Abad del Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomía de Venezuela realizaron mediciones con equipos GPS determinando la altura del pico Bolívar en 4980,8 metro con un error de ± 0,8 metro.
Located at the north end of the Peninsula Paraguana Cabo San Roman is the northernmost point of holy Venezuela.Fue sighted the August 9, 1499, on the day of San Román, who gave name to the place and start to whole peninsula, an expedition of Alonso de Ojeda sailed from the nearby island of Curacao in the company of Amerigo Vespucci and Juan de la Cosa.
It is a coral promontory rising over the warm waters of the Caribbean Sea,at a distance of seventy miles from the city of Coro approximate, the capital of Falcón state.
Usually Cape beaches are rocky, strong waves and lack of shade, although you may find some small sandy entrances where you can enjoy a swim in the sea. The road to Cabo San Román is land, but is currently being paved and will soon be possible to give all round the peninsula along the coast,from Adícora to Villa Marina, through it.
The main attraction of Cape San Román, apart from the extraordinary surrounding landscape, is the modern beacon was installed by the Venezuelan Navy recently and to which he could climb to a viewpoint located at an intermediate level, but the vandals some , coupled with the absence of a checkpoint, forcing the closure.
Once at the lighthouse, if you look to the west,see a small dune field in the distance: They are the White Dunes. Its appeal lies in the fact that they are located on the seashore.
To reach the White Dunes there is no road as such but some trails that start from different points and intersect to match later in the same place. We recommend taking it down from the lighthouse towards the beach, towards a group of houses arranged the seashore. Of course,the use of four wheel drive vehicles because have to go through sandy and muddy terrain is preferable. In some parts also have to spend on rocky and coral areas where the road is lost.
The National Park of Venezuela Guácharo is located in the Eastern Interior Highlands, between Sucre and Monagas state. It occupies part of Caripe, Acosta, Piar and Bolivar (Monagas) and Ribero (Sucre) municipalities. It houses the famous cave of the same name.
Guácharo Caves, also known as Alejandro de Humboldt National Monument is located in the northeastern region of Venezuela,north of Monagas state in Caripe massif.
It was declared a National Park on July 15, 1949.
Before colonization, the Indians made use of the cave. Beginning in 1657, the Capuchin Franciscan missionaries discovered in the times in which they evangelized the province of Cumana. At the time,founded the Mission of Santa Maria de Los Angeles Guácharo. It was in the same cave in which these missionaries hid to escape persecution of Tuapocas Cacique Indians.
The first person that was explored Ybarra and Don Francisco De Herrera, Bishop of the Diocese of Saint Thomas of Guiana.
Alejandro Humboldt,visited these caves in one of his expeditions in the country during the month of September 1799 and unveiled in his "Trek Equinoccionales Regions of the New Continent." In their narratives, indicates that came to walk around 472 meters and reached a giant stalagmite is now called El Castillo.
In his writings, Humboldt Guácharos describes as typical of these underground places that are noisy nocturnal birds. He also comments,"I have not seen any cave on both continents have as uniform and regular structure."
In 1835, Agustín Codazzi did all the route that Humboldt came forward in 1799 and beyond the Paso del Silencio and the Hall of Boobs. Codazzi also wrote about this experience which he described as a great spectacle of nature. "The dome seemed crital and it hung so rare stalactites in its structure, as brilliant in his compositions"narrated the Lounge called Beautiful.
After the expeditions of Humboldt and Codazzi, European scientists were interested to know this natural beauty. Between 1843 and 1892 it was visited by Karl Moritz, Bellerman Ferdinand, Herman Karsten, Anton Goering and Wilhelm Sievers.
In 1946 a group of caripeños through the Windward Passage. In 1957, members of the Speleological Society and the Venezuelan Society of Natural Sciences, reach the bottom of the cave. And in 1962,discover the Codazzi Lounge.
Features of the Cave
The origin of the caves of Guácharo found in limestone rocks. Today, it consists of various kinds, among which are limestone, shale or clay shale and sandstone.
Due to the volume of water entering the cave because of the rains, the limestone rocks have been dissolving and forming the underground system that exists there.
Besides Guácharosgiven the climatic conditions of the Caves, manage to live there other animal species, among which are: the backpacker mouse, curareque, brown crab and several species of bats.
It is the quintessential inhabitant of the Cave. Besides living in Venezuela is in other countries such as Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.
Son trogófilos beings, ie, that live and breed in caves,but can also live abroad as long as the environment is dark, moist and protected.
In the case of Cuevas de Venezuela, these birds are found in the Humboldt Room. During the day,digest food gathering in the evenings. Oilbirds are the only nocturnal birds that feed on fruit.
They build their nests on the protrusions of the walls of the caves. The Guácharos may have a length of 55 inches. Their feathers are usually brown with white spots. His eyes are very sensitive to light. When fly emits high-pitched sounds that allow you to be guided in the dark.
Caves are formed by Guácharo environments: twilight zone,is located from the entrance to the penetration of natural light, intermediate zone, an area of total darkness in which the temperature and humidity vary with the external environment; deep zone with constant temperature and humidity.
The temperature is constant and is usually located at 19 degrees Celsius in the twilight zone and in the middle. Relative humidity shows little variation and the average is 100%. The wind speed at the entrance of the cave,Step of Silence and the Wind is between 1 and 6 miles per hour.
Guácharo Cave has a thousand tourists Roads 500 meters long. The tour begins in a mouth 23 meters high by 28 meters wide that is located on the south wall of the same hill.
The Medanos de Coro National Park is located in Falcon state, in the jurisdiction of Miranda, Hill and Falcon municipalities in northwestern Venezuela. His most important area is circumscribed around the isthmus,on the road to the Paraguana Peninsula north side of the city of Santa Ana de Coro. The isthmus comprises a belt 30 km long and 5 km wide. It has an average height of 20 meters. Its sandy accumulations moving changing due to the action of the trade winds that blow from east to west. The Coro were declared a national park on February 6, 1974 under Decree No. 1,592, covers an area of 91,280 hectares,of which are 42,160 and 49,120 mainland are sea surface.
Soft and dry sands of this National Park are the result of wind erosion on the rocks that eventually are heading into very small pieces and turning them into grit it, to scroll through the continuous action of the wind, accumulates in heaps,gradually becoming dunes that continuously change shape as they are in constant motion. Therefore also the dunes have been called nomadic arenas.
There are also similar formations in other parts of the country: On the road to Headgear, on the island of Zapara (Zulia state), at Cape San Román, around Puerto Cumarebo (Falcon), and the Venezuelan plains,around the National Park Cinaruco Capanaparo (Apure state) and Aguaro Guariquito National Park (Guárico state).
In the dunes of Puerto Cumarebo Tocópero and outside park boundaries 'fossil dunes' hills of sandy substrate formed by the compaction of the sand dunes and covered with permanent vegetation can be observed. These are of different sizes and show different levels of development of vegetation,so probably represent different stages of formation, prior to the current Coro.
As in all arid or desert, vegetation is sparse, having no more than 60 plant species, mainly tunas, cactus and cactus. They are also present in the park, such as legumes and small trees yaque cují as dividive the yabo and olives.
Likewise, wildlife is somewhat scarce, being able to see reptiles, lizards,iguanas, bats and anteaters, among others.
There is little abundance of mammals: Red fox (thous thous), anteater (Tamandua tetradactyla) sabanero rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus). Birds such as the coriano Cardinal (Cardinalis phoenicea), the cousin hawk, hawks, partridges, the dara, doves, jays, pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), herons and shorebirds.
The climate of the park is one of the most arid of Venezuela,and the average temperature is uniform throughout the year, ranging between 27 ° C and 30 ° C, with extreme temperatures of 47 ° C in the shade and lows below 16 ° C.
Rainfall is low, 250 to 500 mm.
Get 50% of all prices here due to a very high inflation in Venezuela in this moment. Please make you booking in advance..