The Medanos de Coro National Park is located in Falcon state, in the jurisdiction of Miranda, Hill and Falcon municipalities in northwestern Venezuela. His most important area is circumscribed around the isthmus,on the road to the Paraguana Peninsula north side of the city of Santa Ana de Coro. The isthmus comprises a belt 30 km long and 5 km wide. It has an average height of 20 meters. Its sandy accumulations moving changing due to the action of the trade winds that blow from east to west. The Coro were declared a national park on February 6, 1974 under Decree No. 1,592, covers an area of 91,280 hectares,of which are 42,160 and 49,120 mainland are sea surface.
Soft and dry sands of this National Park are the result of wind erosion on the rocks that eventually are heading into very small pieces and turning them into grit it, to scroll through the continuous action of the wind, accumulates in heaps,gradually becoming dunes that continuously change shape as they are in constant motion. Therefore also the dunes have been called nomadic arenas.
There are also similar formations in other parts of the country: On the road to Headgear, on the island of Zapara (Zulia state), at Cape San Román, around Puerto Cumarebo (Falcon), and the Venezuelan plains,around the National Park Cinaruco Capanaparo (Apure state) and Aguaro Guariquito National Park (Guárico state).
In the dunes of Puerto Cumarebo Tocópero and outside park boundaries 'fossil dunes' hills of sandy substrate formed by the compaction of the sand dunes and covered with permanent vegetation can be observed. These are of different sizes and show different levels of development of vegetation,so probably represent different stages of formation, prior to the current Coro.
As in all arid or desert, vegetation is sparse, having no more than 60 plant species, mainly tunas, cactus and cactus. They are also present in the park, such as legumes and small trees yaque cují as dividive the yabo and olives.
Likewise, wildlife is somewhat scarce, being able to see reptiles, lizards,iguanas, bats and anteaters, among others.
There is little abundance of mammals: Red fox (thous thous), anteater (Tamandua tetradactyla) sabanero rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus). Birds such as the coriano Cardinal (Cardinalis phoenicea), the cousin hawk, hawks, partridges, the dara, doves, jays, pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), herons and shorebirds.
The climate of the park is one of the most arid of Venezuela,and the average temperature is uniform throughout the year, ranging between 27 ° C and 30 ° C, with extreme temperatures of 47 ° C in the shade and lows below 16 ° C.
Rainfall is low, 250 to 500 mm.